An individual’s perception, memories, and thoughts can become distorted in a variety of adaptive and maladaptive ways. The maladaptive ways may participate in processing information and influencing behavior. In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), these biased perceptions are referred to as cognitive distortions or unhelpful thinking styles. Negative or maladaptive distortions typically become the focus of therapy.
It also emphasizes the use of cognitive restructuring, the development of social problem solving capacities, and the acquisition of behavioral skills in resolving said problems. A primary goal in treatment is to let the client manifest their negative and unhelpful thoughts while assisting them in recognizing the impact these negative and unhelpful thoughts have on their lives. They may even benefit from not only identifying said distortions or thoughts, but labeling them as well.