NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM)

NeuroAffective Relational Model, also known as NARM, is a therapeutic approach that follows a specific model (based on both traditional psychotherapy and somatic approaches) for trauma. NARM does this by working with the attachment patterns that cause life-long psychobiological symptoms and interpersonal difficulties. These early, unconscious patterns of disconnection can have an impact on our identity, emotions, physiology, behavior and relationships. NARM is a non-regressive model of therapy that emphasizes helping clients establish connection to the parts of self that are organized, coherent and functional. It helps bring into awareness and organization the parts of self that are disorganized and dysfunctional without making the regressed, dysfunctional elements the primary theme of the therapy. Think this approach might be right for you? Reach out to one  of TherapyDen’s NARM specialists today. 

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I am currently enrolled in a year long level 2 training. In general, I see the world through a lense of CPTSD. Not to diangose folks but rather empower.

— Traci Ruble, Marriage & Family Therapist in , CA

The NARM model was developed specifically for the treatment of developmental trauma resulting from environmental failure in the early years of life, whether this be community violence or an ill-attuned caregiver. In work with all of my clients, I utilize the principles of open-inquiry, self-acceptance, and the promotion of agency to support my client's in exploring the dilemmas within themselves and in making the decisions that are right for them.

— Genevieve Green, Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern in Gulf Breeze, FL

The primary model I draw from in my individual therapy work is a comprehensive, trauma informed model known as NARM. NARM is one of very few models designed to specifically address Complex PTSD and Developmental Trauma, and is focused heavily on bringing curiosity, agency and consent to the therapeutic space. NARM is a relatively new, innovative model that draws from a long history of psychological lineages. You can learn more about the NARM here:

— Sarah Lazarewicz, Clinical Social Worker in Minneapolis, MN

Using techniques from NARM I work to connect the people I support to themselves, their true somatic and emotional experience, and their innermost hearts.

— Anna Stern, Therapist in Saint Paul, MN

In 2020, I completed NARM Therapist training and in the summer of 2021 received my NARM Master Therapist certificate. I was the host of the NARM Training Institute podcast Transforming Trauma for the first two years.

— Sarah Buino, Social Worker in Chicago, IL

I had the incredible privilege of training under, world-renowned author, psychologist and relationship expert Dr. John Townsend. He founded the Townsend Institute for Leadership & Counseling, through Concordia University, Irvine, CA to address both the head and the heart, incorporating scriptural truths with current neuroscience and tried and true therapeutic approaches to bring real and lasting breakthroughs and growth.

— Karissa Catlin, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in Marietta, GA

I tend to incorporate a multidisciplinary approach, however, the heart of my practice is centered around NARM (the neuro-affective relational model), a compassionate, humanstic, and holistic approach to addressing C-PTSD or relational/developmental trauma.

— Mathew Diedrich, Therapist in Chicago, IL

I have been training for NARM and believe in the healing power of it. NARM is a treatment for developmental and complex trauma. The reasons why I love NARM is that is is non-regressive, works in the moment, and does not pathologize. What is developmental and complex trauma? Developmental trauma stems from environmental fails while we were growing up and that our needs were not being met. Complex Trauma is repetitive traumatic events in a context of a relationship.

— Joshua Davis, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Fort Lauderdale, FL

I completed training through the NARM institute with Brad Kammer, Dr. Laurence Heller, and Stefanie Klein.

— Jackie Cook, Therapist in Raleigh, NC

The NeuroAffect Relational model brings brings together a variety of compelling therapies: relational therapy, somatic experiencing, phenomenology, affective regulation (IPNB), polyvagal theory in that seamlessly from a therapist angle explains how symptoms develop; yet even more brilliantly, how to allow old patterns and identifications (both including symptoms & distress) to fall to the wayside.

— Keith Neilitz, Licensed Professional Counselor in Green Bay, WI

Induced After Death Communication, developed by Dr. Botkin in 1995 while working at the Chicago Veterans Hospital, reduces the sadness and pain associated with grief using a modified EMDR protocol. Most clients experience a deep and loving connection with a deceased loved one through one or more of their five senses. It is a profoundly healing modality. The above description is from

— Nicolette Bautista, Psychologist in Folsom, CA

NARM works with people to observe what is happening in the present moment that is ready to be released in order to have more of ourselves. It is includes attachment theory framework while supporting that we are always ready to heal and release our patterns of suffering. I have found it to be effective in helping with complex PTSD, depression, anxiety, insomnia, relationship with food, body, and substances.

— Kayle Evans, Psychotherapist in Austin, TX