NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM)

NeuroAffective Relational Model, also known as NARM, is a therapeutic approach that follows a specific model (based on both traditional psychotherapy and somatic approaches) for trauma. NARM does this by working with the attachment patterns that cause life-long psychobiological symptoms and interpersonal difficulties. These early, unconscious patterns of disconnection can have an impact on our identity, emotions, physiology, behavior and relationships. NARM is a non-regressive model of therapy that emphasizes helping clients establish connection to the parts of self that are organized, coherent and functional. It helps bring into awareness and organization the parts of self that are disorganized and dysfunctional without making the regressed, dysfunctional elements the primary theme of the therapy. Think this approach might be right for you? Reach out to one  of TherapyDen’s NARM specialists today. 

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The NeuroAffective Relational Model(NARM) is a cutting-edge model for addressing attachment, relational and developmental trauma, by working with the attachment patterns that cause life-long psychobiological symptoms and interpersonal difficulties. “What are the patterns that are preventing me from being present to myself and others at this moment and in my life?"

— Jenna Powell, Licensed Professional Counselor in Houston, TX

Several of the therapists at HeartMind Resiliency are trained in NARM, as well as other somatic, depth oriented approaches.

— HeartMind Resiliency LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Richmond, VA

Induced After Death Communication, developed by Dr. Botkin in 1995 while working at the Chicago Veterans Hospital, reduces the sadness and pain associated with grief using a modified EMDR protocol. Most clients experience a deep and loving connection with a deceased loved one through one or more of their five senses. It is a profoundly healing modality. The above description is from

— Nicolette Bautista, Psychologist in Folsom, CA

I was trained in NARM™ more recently, in 2021-2022, completing all requirements for Level 2 training. NARM helps folks with chronic, developmental, relational, or attachment trauma who struggle with emotion dysregulation, toxic shame, and difficulties in relating to self and others. It's a non-pathologizing model that uses top-down and bottom-up interventions to resolve emotional stuck points and increase a sense of agency in our lives.

— Stacey Rosenfeld, Psychologist in Coral Gables, FL

I am currently enrolled in a year long level 2 training. In general, I see the world through a lense of CPTSD. Not to diangose folks but rather empower.

— Traci Ruble, Marriage & Family Therapist in , CA

I completed training through the NARM institute with Brad Kammer, Dr. Laurence Heller, and Stefanie Klein.

— Jackie Cook, Therapist in Raleigh, NC

NARM works with people to observe what is happening in the present moment that is ready to be released in order to have more of ourselves. It is includes attachment theory framework while supporting that we are always ready to heal and release our patterns of suffering. I have found it to be effective in helping with complex PTSD, depression, anxiety, insomnia, relationship with food, body, and substances.

— Kayle Evans, Psychotherapist in Austin, TX

The NeuroAffect Relational model brings brings together a variety of compelling therapies: relational therapy, somatic experiencing, phenomenology, affective regulation (IPNB), polyvagal theory in that seamlessly from a therapist angle explains how symptoms develop; yet even more brilliantly, how to allow old patterns and identifications (both including symptoms & distress) to fall to the wayside.

— Keith Neilitz, Licensed Professional Counselor in Green Bay, WI

I completed training through the NARM institute with Brad Kammer, Dr. Laurence Heller, and Stefanie Klein.

— Jackie Cook, Therapist in Raleigh, NC

Our nervous system is the first to develop in the womb; how we experience the world from conception to birth informs our core sense of safety and inform how we cope. NARM aims to treat attachment, relational and developmental trauma, or “Complex Trauma” (Complex-PTSD or C-PTSD). This developmentally-oriented, neuroscientifically-informed model emerged out of earlier psychotherapeutic orientations including Psychodynamic Psychotherapy approaches.

— Trish McKenna, Therapist in St. Louis Park, MN

The primary model I draw from in my individual therapy work is a comprehensive, trauma informed model known as NARM. NARM is one of very few models designed to specifically address Complex PTSD and Developmental Trauma, and is focused heavily on bringing curiosity, agency and consent to the therapeutic space. NARM is a relatively new, innovative model that draws from a long history of psychological lineages. You can learn more about the NARM here:

— Sarah Lazarewicz, Clinical Social Worker in Minneapolis, MN

I offer developmental trauma therapy guided by the NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM). This model is a gentle and depth-oriented approach which focuses on the present-moment, how we relate to ourself and how our survival patterns from childhood get in the way of what we want most. NARM encourages curiosity, self-inquiry & intersubjectivity (being human together) to heal developmental trauma, and move in the direction of our aliveness.

— Karen Ihrig, Clinical Social Worker

In 2020, I completed NARM Therapist training and in the summer of 2021 received my NARM Master Therapist certificate. I was the host of the NARM Training Institute podcast Transforming Trauma for the first two years.

— Sarah Buino, Social Worker in Chicago, IL

NARM addresses the attachment, relational and developmental trauma that contribute to early patterns of disconnection that can be at the root of lifelong challenges. Maybe our need for trust, independence, love, and connection were not fulfilled in our early relationships. With curiosity and acceptance, I will help you reconnect to the parts of yourself that are organized, coherent, and functional so that you can increase your experiences of self-esteem, joy and connectedness.

— Cheryl Calderon, Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Portland, OR